• Gabriella Moocarme

Spiritual Intelligence: A path to become a quantum leader

For a long time, Western psychology has had as a base, the existence of two types of intelligence in human beings: Rational intelligence and Emotional intelligence. The first refers to the normative and logical thinking, that is, it provides one's Intellectual Coefficient (IQ). The latter refers to emotional, associative and pattern-recognizing thinking. IQ was a great novelty at the beginning of the 20th century. Many tests were created to measure the ability of humans to solve logical problems to classify people at different levels of intelligence and intellectual capacity. (Zohar, D. and Ian Marshall,2001,p.19-20) Therefore, the higher the quotient you had, the more intelligent you are. Thus, great minds with a very high IQ, such as Stephen Hawkins and Albert Einstein, were a point of comparison and inspiration for those interested in raising their IQ.

On the other hand, Daniel Goleman introduced the concept of emotional intelligence (EQ) in the 1990s as the kind of intelligence that makes us aware of our own and others' feelings, that gives us empathy, compassion, motivation and the ability to respond properly to our thrills. Goleman further proposes that, even this type of intelligence, is more important than IQ to make decisions in the personal and professional field and that, even in business, 80% of great leaders’ success came from EQ rather than from IQ. However, in this new millennium, another concept suggesting the existence of a third intelligence with neurological bases was born: spiritual intelligence (SQ)

The theoretical development of this is recent and one of the pioneers in the field is Danah Zohar (see book "Spiritual Intelligence"). According to this author, this type of intelligence gives rise to creative, insightful, creative and disruptive thinking. Taking the type of individual with high spiritual intelligence,[1] and taking into account quantum physics, Danah Zohar proposes a new model of thinking and acting in business called "quantum leadership." But what is quantum leadership?

On Saturday, September 23 in the framework of the Leadership Development Institute (LDI) collaboration with the Réseau de Femmes pour le Mentoring / Networking, Sanae Hanine, communication expert, coach et personal development trainer, explained briefly and simply this model in his lecture "Leadership quantique: Retour vers le futur ".

According to Sanae Hanine this model, unlike Newtonian thought,[2] conceives the company as a living and complex biological system and the leaders within are people without stereotyped thoughts, and with innovative and flexible positions when the face change. A leader of this kind, Sanae Hanine remarked, requires a deep personal transformation that leads him to understand himself, his motivations, emotions and qualities. Therefore, a person who intends to develop his quantum leadership skills has to work on various aspects of his personality, self-control, connection with himself and with the whole. That means that a quantum leader must have high SQ.

This leadership model may be of recent development and implementation in companies in countries of the global North (for example in United Kingdom, France and United States), much more innovation may seem to Morocco. However, spiritual development is not a novelty, nor is it a creation of the global north. Just refer to the spiritual development systems framed in the different religions of the world: Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, among others. Therefore, spiritual development is an activity that has been practised throughout history through different methods in all parts of the world.

It should be taken into account that being religious does not guarantee a high degree of spiritual intelligence. Religion is a set of rules and beliefs that are transferred through tradition while spiritual intelligence is an internal and innate capacity of the brain that goes beyond ones’ ego (Zohar, D. and Ian Marshall,2001,p.24). It is this kind of intelligence that does not depend on any culture or values ​​given, to the contrary, it is what makes possible the value creation. Therefore, spiritual intelligence is before any form of religious expression and makes its existence possible but does not depend on it. As a form of intelligence, it is capable of developing, so we invite you to work on your spiritual intelligence, reflecting deeply on who you are, why you are here, what are your deep motivations to carry out your daily activities and explore the various possibilities of advancement and personal change.

After the meeting with Sanae Hanine, the LDI team decided to integrate “leadership quantum” principles in our curricula so that the next Moroccan leaders at Al-Akhawayn University can develop the three types of intelligence suggested for high achievers: rational, emotional and spiritual. This will start next semester with an open conference given by Sanae Hanine.

Itzel Pamela Pérez Gómez

Public Relations and Communication Manager

Leadership Development Institute

[1] Ability to be flexible (active and spontaneously adaptable), high level of self-awareness, ability to face and use suffering, ability to face and transcend pain, the quality of being inspired by visions and values, reluctance to cause unnecessary damage, tendency to see the relationships between things (Zohar, D. and Ian Marshall,2001,p.29)

[2] It assumes that corporations and markets are like machines: predictable, stable and controllable, and by trance, they are better managed when the risk is eliminated and ensures the balance within them. That is, this model does not accept changes or flexibility in the management of the company. (Zohar, D., 2016)


Zohar, D., & Marshall, I. N. (2000). SQ: Spiritual intelligence : the ultimate intelligence. London: Bloomsbury.

Zohar, D. (2016). The Quantum Leader: A Revolution in Business Thinking and Practice. London: Prometheus Books

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